VA New England Healthcare System
Better with Age? VA Study Finds Concentration Ability Highest in Mid 40s
Are you still paying attention? Well that may depend on how old you are. Researchers from VA Boston Healthcare System and Harvard University have discovered a person’s ability to sustain attention is greatest at around 43.
Safety and workforce performance
Sustained attention ability across the lifespan is unique in contrast to other visual and cognitive skills, such as visual processing speed, which is best before age 30 and declines thereafter. Numerous cognitive processes rely heavily on sustained attention abilities, such as learning and memory, and lapses in attention can have wide-ranging negative impacts, such as increasing the chances of auto accidents and reducing job performance.
Study analyzed more than 10,000 participants
Funded through the Department of Veterans Affairs Clinical Science Research and Development, and Harvard University, researchers used a sample of 10,000 participants ages 10 to 70 who visited TestMyBrain.org from March through September 2014. TestMyBrain.org is a cognitive testing website that provides feedback on performance relative to other users.
This study, led by Drs. Francesca Fortenbaugh, Joe DeGutis, and Michael Esterman at the Boston Attention and Learning Laboratory at the VA Boston Healthcare System, was published in the Journal of Psychological Science this week. “While younger adults may excel in the speed and flexibility of information processing, adults approaching their mid-years may have the greatest capacity to remain focused,” DeGutis said.
Attention is trainable
The Boston Attention and Learning Laboratory studies the cognitive and neural mechanisms of sustained attention as well as the potential for enhancing attention abilities through cognitive training. “What we know is that attention is highly trainable, and the practice of focusing attention throughout adulthood may further hone this skill. Activities such as spending more time outdoors, exercise, cognitive training, and meditation are ways in which people at any age can enhance their ability to concentrate,” DeGutis said.
The results of this study may open the door to practical applications in occupational settings, particularly for training in specific jobs that require continuous attention during monotonous, repetitive tasks such as truck driving and baggage screening. More importantly, this research is already proving helpful in the treatment of ADHD, PTSD, stroke, addiction, and aspects of depression that are directly linked to sustained attention and common among the Veteran population.
To read the full text of the article in Psychological Science, please go to: http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/08/06/0956797615594896.full